1. Contents of the early issues

The situation was riping


After World War I and the Trianon Treaty, psychology had become a well-established science in Hungary, striving to break free from philosophical and pedagogical frameworks. Experimental psychology was represented by Pál Ranschburg and Géza Révész, psychoanalysis by Sándor Ferenczi, and the child study movement by László Nagy.

In the developed Western countries, the establishment of national psychological societies and psychological journals had been ongoing since the turn of the century. Hungary was also ready for the autonomy of psychology and the establishment of its organizational framework.

The establishment of the Society and the Journal was announced in the first issue of the Journal).

Illustrative invitation to the meeting of the Philological Society.Source: Online Paper Antiquarian

First a journal, then a society? Together or separately?

The establishment of the Society and the Journal was announced in the first issue of the Journal).

The plan for launching the psychology journal was first proposed by Pál Ranschburg. The initial idea was to start a psychological journal and form a Psychological Section within the Hungarian Philosophical Society.

On February 9, 1927, the Budapest Philological Society held a reading session where the plan for the journal was first discussed. It was at this meeting that Gyula Hornyánszky, a classical philologist, Gyula Kornis, a philosopher, the Undersecretary of Religion and Public Education, and Ákos Pauler, a philosopher, first heard about the plan. They later collaborated as editors in the publication of the journal.

„Is there a need for a Hungarian Psychological Society? (…) Despite the unquestionable internationalism of science, every nation’s scientists who serve culture endeavor to conduct their research under their national flag, as the French, German, English, American, Italian, etc. intellects rightfully assert their significance and contribute to the world’s progress and the cultural state of happiness.”

Pál Ranschburg’s article in the first issue of the Hungarian Psychological Review. Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, 1-2, p. 104.

Pál Ranschburg, the first president of the Hungarian Psychological Society.


First the society, then the journal, independently

Eventually, the Society was formed first. The founding assembly was held on February 24, 1928, at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The Hungarian Psychological Society was established with the cooperation of several scientific societies.

The building of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest

Newspaper announcement. Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, 1-2, p. 145. Source: Arcanum.

The establishment of the Hungarian Psychological Society was also reported by newspapers.

Budapesti Hírlap, February 1928 (48th year, issues 26-49) 1928-02-25 / issue 46. Source: Arcanum.

The first officials of the Hungarian Psychological Society

President:Pál Ranschburg


Ernő Fináczy (professor of pedagogy),

Zoltán Gombocz (linguist),

Gyula Hornyánszky (classical philologist),

Gyula Kornis (philosopher, state secretary),

László Nagy (educator), Gusztáv Oláh (neurologist),

Ákos Pauler (philosopher),

Antal Schütz (theologian)

Executive Secretary: István Boda

Secretary: Andor Juhász

Treasurer: Ireneusz Schwarz

Inspector:László Focher


Auditing Committee:

Dr. Gyula Balta

Frigyes Glück

Dr. Ferenc Petrovics

Károly Röthy


The leadership consisted of the president, vice-presidents, and the members of the Executive Committee

Committee members

Zsolt Alszeghy, dr.

György Bartók dr. /Szeged

Lajos Bartucz dr.

Antal Bálint

László Benedel dr. /Debrecen

Cecil Bognár /Győr

István Dékány dr.

Sándor Eckhardt dr.

Mátyás Éltes

Rudolf Fabinyi dr.

Lajos Hajós dr.
Imre Hermann dr.

Sándor Imre dr.

Irén Kaufmann dr.

Elemér Kenyeres dr.

Endre Kluge dr.

János Koszó dr.

Zoltán Magyary dr.

István Máday dr.


János Mester dr.

Gyula Mitrovics dr. /Debrecen

József Nagy dr. / Pécs

László Nógrády dr.

Gyula Nyírő dr.

Lajos Rácz dr. /Sárospatak
Révész Hrabovszkyné M. Dr.

Emma Ritoók dr.

Fülöp Rottenbiller dr.

János Schnell dr.
Árpád Selig dr.

József Somogyi dr.
József Szabó dr. /Szeged

Ödön Szelényi dr.

Lipót Szondi dr.

Tivadar Thienamann dr. / Pécs

Tihamér Tóth dr.

Zoltán Tóth dr.

Hildebrand Várkonyi dr. /Pécs

Ödön Weszely dr. /Pécs

Béla Zolnai dr. /Szeged


Honorary member – elected by the General Assembly, lifelong membership.

Founding member – elected by the General Assembly, supported the establishment with 200 pengős.

Active member – recommended by two members of the Board, approved by the Board. Annual membership fee of 10 pengős, obligation to hold a seat-taking lecture within 3 years.

Supporting member -has the right to attend.

Külső tag – a közgyűlés által megválasztott külföldi, tagdíj nélkül. 3 éven belül székfoglaló ülés tartása kötelező.

The goals of the Hungarian Psychological Society
  1. „From the perspective of science: to cultivate all directions and branches of pure and applied psychological research, as well as its border areas with other sciences.”
  2. „From the perspective of Hungarian science: to support the scientific work of Hungarian psychologists with all available means, to ensure the versatility and systematic nature of psychological research, and to promote the development of a unified Hungarian psychological terminology.”

  3. „From the perspective of practical life and general culture: to promote the full implementation of scientifically validated practical aspects of psychology in all areas of national cultural life, and to deepen and broaden the connections between Hungarian and foreign scientific communities.”

Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, 1-2, p. 3, Source: Arcanum.

“The Hungarian Psychological Review will strive to ensure that its publications serve all three tasks of science, so that its work is not only in the service of the development of theoretical psychology, but also in the service of the goal of universal human and national material and – primarily – moral advancement.”

Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, 1-2, 8. 1928, 1-2, p. 8. Source: Arcanum

The Hungarian Psychological Society held a committee meeting and three lecture sessions in 1928

Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, 1-2, 8. o. Source: Arcanum

The modes of operation

GENERAL ASSEMBLIES – At least one general assembly per year, opened by the President’s speech on a timely topic related to psychology.

BOARD MEETINGS – Regular meetings of the board members, usually held before the lecture sessions.

LECTURE AND DEBATE SESSIONS – Scientific sessions organized several times a year.

“A daily newspaper announceds an open lecture by the Society”

Magyar Hírlap Jan 28, 1930, p.6. Source: Arcanum

„Today we add another new stone to the temple of Hungarian culture, which would be incomplete without it. This association will be called to study the highest thing we possess – the human soul.”

Opening speech of Gusztáv Oláh, the head of the committee. (Hungarian Psychological Review, 1928, p. 96. Source: Arcanum.

Gusztáv Oláh, Director of the main mental hospital
, Lipótmező (1857 – 1944).


The first issue of the Hungarian Psychological Review was published in 1928, number 1-2.
Source: Arcanum.

Publication: Summer 1928, commissioned by the Hungarian Psychological Society

Editor: István Boda

Assistant Editor: Andor Juhász

Contributors to editing: Gyula Kornis, Pál Ranschburg

The contents of issue 1-2 in 1928.

Source: Arcanum

The contents of issue 1-2 in 1929

Source: Arcanum